How to use this slide deck: * ← and → move forward and back * 'f' toggles full screen mode * 'p' toggles presenter mode * 'h' shows a help message .footnote[[phiffer.org/talks/radical-networks](http://phiffer.org/talks/radical-networks/) / [video](http://phiffer.org/videos/radical-networks/) / built with [Remark](https://github.com/gnab/remark)] --- class: center, middle # Social Justice Warrior Network ### [Radical / Networks](http://radicalnetworks.org/speakers/dan-phiffer/) ### [Dan Phiffer](http://phiffer.org/) /
/ [@dphiffer](https://twitter.com/dphiffer) .footnote[[phiffer.org/talks/radical-networks](http://phiffer.org/talks/radical-networks/) / [video](http://phiffer.org/videos/radical-networks/) / built with [Remark](https://github.com/gnab/remark)] ??? Hello, and thanks to Sarah, Amelia, and Erica for organizing this event. I would like to spend my time here thinking with you about social networks. Both in the software sense and in the sociology sense. But I should say I'm a developer, not a sociologist. And this is the first time I'm giving this talk. --- class: center, middle .label[ShiftSpace: 2006–2011]
.footnote[[Source](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sum_5GdvFG0)] ??? ShiftSpace was a browser plugin for annotating websites. I created it with Mushon Zer-Aviv while we were students at ITP. We liked to describe it as an open source layer above any website, a new public space above each privately operated web page. --- background-image: url(images/zuccotti.jpg) class: image-fill .label[Zuccotti Park: October 2011] ??? In 2011 ShiftSpace development ended and Occupy Wall Street started. I started spending time at Zuccotti park. I began to think about what a website version of the encampment might be like. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/ows-mess.jpg) .label[OWS info desk] ??? After working out a very rough prototype, I asked the people at the info desk if I could plug my wifi router into their generator. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/ows.offline.jpg) .label[“ows.offline” prototype] ??? If you were within range, you could connect to the wifi signal, visit a weird website, and leave messages for people without having to use the internet. --- background-image: url(images/occupy.here.png) .label[occupy.here (2011–)] ??? I kept iterating on the software and came up with this low-res logo. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/hardware-kit.jpg) .label[TP-Link TL-WR703N + battery] ??? I designed it to be replicated, like a kit, using off-the-shelf hardware and open-source software. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/empty-zuccotti.jpg) .label[Post-OWS] ??? After the park was cleared, I decided to keep working on occupy.here. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/web-forum.jpg) .label[Wifi occupation] ??? I broadcast a signal from a nearby office building. It was like an invisible zombie wifi occupation of the park. --- background-image: url(images/wealth-inequality.jpg) .label[Shit is *still* fucked up and bullshit] .footnote[[Source](http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2011/02/income-inequality-in-america-chart-graph): Mother Jones / Data: Michael I. Norton, Harvard Business School; Dan Ariely, Duke University] ??? The Occupy movement might be finished, but the conditions that inspired it are still very much at play. It will happen again, maybe under a different banner. --- background-image: url(images/diagram1.jpg) ??? With occupy.here I identified a very particular audience. --- background-image: url(images/diagram2.jpg) ??? I thought that with an anonymous web forum ... --- background-image: url(images/diagram3.jpg) ??? ... and mobile file sharing ... --- background-image: url(images/diagram4.jpg) ??? ... on a wifi darknet ... --- background-image: url(images/diagram5.jpg) ??? ... that I might help contribute to some fundamental political shift. --- background-image: url(images/diagram6.jpg) ??? Now I'm thinking that using the normal internet might be a good idea. Crazy right? --- background-image: url(images/diagram7.jpg) ??? We shouldn't make this difficult for people. --- Here’s what I’m thinking about doing next. ??? I'm not giving up development on occupy.here, but it has been a while since the last release. My timeline is long and slow paced. But I am starting to think about a new thing. --- class: center, middle .label[New thing ✨] # Social Justice Warrior Network ??? I'm thinking about a network for Social Justice Warriors. --- layout: true # “social justice warrior” --- A pejorative term for an individual who repeatedly and vehemently engages in arguments on social justice on the Internet ??? If you're not familiar with it, social justice warrior is a neologism about people who use the internet to advance political causes. I mean, come on, I *love* social justice! Who doesn't want social justice? This definition comes from Urban Dictionary. --- A pejorative term for an individual who repeatedly and vehemently engages in arguments on social justice on the Internet,
often in a shallow or not well-thought-out way
??? ... well, that's just like your opinion, man... --- A pejorative term for an individual who repeatedly and vehemently engages in arguments on social justice on the Internet, often in a shallow or not well-thought-out way,
for the purpose of raising their own personal reputation.
??? ... ok, that might be a logical fallacy. --- name: logical-fallacy ![Appeal to motive](images/logical-fallacy.png) ??? ... whatever. --- A pejorative term for an individual who repeatedly and vehemently engages in arguments on social justice on the Internet, often in a shallow or not well-thought-out way, for the purpose of raising their own personal reputation. A social justice warrior, or SJW, does not necessarily strongly believe all that they say, or even care about the groups they are fighting on behalf of. They typically repeat points from whoever is the most popular blogger or commenter of the moment, hoping that they will “get SJ points” and become popular in return. They are very sure to adopt stances that are “correct” in their social circle. —Urban Dictionary user [poopem](http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=social+justice+warrior) ??? I guess the idea boils down to some kind of gamified popularity contest for liberals. Maybe this definition says more about the writer than the thing it's meant to describe. Thanks anyway, poopem. --- layout: false class: center, middle .label[New thing ✨] # \_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_\_ Network ??? We can find some better name for this thing. Let's still keep that social justice part in mind, okay? --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/22.214.171.124.jpg) .label[We all live in the network together] ??? So it turns out networks don't always resemble neat diagrams. They are contested just like physical spaces. Physical and virtual are deeply intertwingled. In the case of Occupy Gezi, this was a circumvention technique for avoiding Internet censorship. --- class: center, middle background-image: url(images/op-crew-cut.png) .footnote[[Source](http://www.alternet.org/civil-liberties/how-nypd-uses-facebook-surveil-entrap-and-arrest-teenagers)] ??? Here in the USA, messages that you post on Facebook might land you in jail, thanks to the NYPD. It's easy to lose sight of the stakes with these systems us developers are building. Censorship and surveillance might feel abstract if you're from certain privileged demographics. --- ![Hurricane Patricia](images/hurricane-patricia.jpg) .footnote[[Weather.com](http://www.weather.com/storms/hurricane/news/hurricane-patricia-mexico-coast)] ??? Yesterday the largest known storm, ever, made landfall on the Mexican coast. 2015 will likely be the hottest year on record. Ever. Climate change is an example of a wicked problem. That means it's reasonable to expect ordinary politics to continue failing us. The same can be said for gun control, white supremacy, increasing numbers of refugees. There are many examples. What I'm saying is that political radicalism might be a necessary path for survival. --- background-image: url(images/television.jpg) .footnote[[*Videograms of a Revolution*](http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0108489/) by Harun Farocki] ??? Communications systems have always been an important tool for collective action. We need more, and better communication systems. This is from a live televised broadcast of the 1989 Romanian revolution. The closed caption reads “the TV is with us.” What I'm wondering is will the network be with us? --- background-image: url(images/antennae.jpg) ??? And we do need research into novel technologies. Yes, put that router on your roof. --- background-image: url(images/pigeon.jpg) ??? Yes, this too! --- background-image: url(images/stream.jpg) .label[OccupyDenver, October 25, 2011] .footnote[[Source](http://mlkshk.com/p/8UOS)] ??? But it's also critical that we keep sight of the larger social context we're working within. This is an advertisement of simulated state violence, right before a livestream of actual state violence. --- class: image-fill background-image: url(images/panopticon.jpg) .footnote[Presidio Modelo prison] ??? Widespread digital surveillance is designed to make us internalize the uncertainty of a future audience. It's designed for control and self-censorship. We may not always be aware of it, but we are already living in this future. --- background-image: url(images/library-freedom.png) .footnote[[Source](https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2015/09/library-suspends-tor-node-after-dhs-intimidation)] ??? The argument that you shouldn't worry if you have nothing to hide is easily disproven. The real danger is with the eroding notion of what we need to be concerned about hiding. You may have heard about the recent case of Homeland Security telling a public library they shouldn't install Tor exit nodes. Apparently even visiting the Tor website makes you a target for surveillance. --- background-image: url(images/facebook.png) ??? We should build new social software that can will prepare us for the next Twitter revolution (or whatever we’ll call it). This screengrab is basically all ads. The big one is for a surveillance service for doing background checks. Let's lose the advertising business model. Let's replace Facebook with an *actual* public space. Privacy Badger is like, “this website is *itself* a tracker, let's get out of here.” --- class: center, middle .label[Siva Vaidhyanathan on Public Failure]
.footnote[[Source](https://www.youtube.com/AwLwaB7pJC4?t=3659)] --- class: center, bottom background-image: url(images/public-media.jpg)
.footnote[[Source](http://www.radiodiaries.org/the-man-who-put-the-p-in-npr/)] ??? We should be building the online equivalent of public broadcasting. Public not just in the sense that it's open to all comers, but also in the sense that it's collectively owned by its users. Maybe government-run social media is a bad idea, if we're looking to reduce online surveillance. But public media is still a good example. And worker-owned cooperatives, and how democratic governance of large open source projects works. --- class: middle .label[Judith Butler, September 16, 2011] .hanging[“When we think about what it means to assemble in a crowd, a growing crowd, and what it means to move through public space in a way that contests the distinction between public and private, we see some way that bodies in their plurality lay claim to the public,
find and produce the public through seizing and reconfiguring the matter of material environments.”
] .footnote[[Source](http://www.oca.no/programme/audiovisual/the-state-of-things-an-excerpt-from-the-politics-of-the-street-and-new-forms-of-alliance)] ??? I'm not even sure it's essential that we build a new thing. Maybe this is more about how existing tools are used. --- background-image: url(images/logos.jpg) ??? I know there have been attempts at this before. And there are many projects like Riseup that have been successful at helping activists. I don't just want to make a tool, but actually create conditions to organize collectively. --- background-image: url(images/books.jpg) .footnote[[The People’s Platform](http://us.macmillan.com/thepeoplesplatform/astrataylor) / [To Our Friends](https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/our-friends)] ??? I should probably mention I just finished reading Astra Taylor's book. I recommend it! And I'm just starting to read this book written by an anonymous French collective. --- ### How should this work? What should I be reading? ### Who else is doing this stuff? ###
.footnote[[phiffer.org/videos/radical-networks](http://phiffer.org/videos/radical-networks/)] ??? Please let me know!